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Many people are not aware that they have visited an esthetician. Since the occupation correlates with other specialties within the field of cosmetology it is easy to consider estheticians as simply beauticians.
While they do perform some of the same tasks as beauticians, an esthetician’s skill set is a little more complex. And they usually have separate programs to train in, though often at the same schools as other beauty professionals. They are considered in some areas to be skin or skin care specialists.
They can also perform medical treatments if certified after the right esthetician training.
On this page:
• State and Provincial School Listings
• Aesthetician Schools – what are they?
• Different Kinds of Esthetician Classes
• Finding a School Near You
• Financial Aid for Esthetician Students, Licensing, and Esthetician Certification
• Esthetician Jobs and Esthetician Salary
Esthetician Colleges & Schools State Listings
Estheticians and Esthetics Schools – what are they?
Estheticians work in the branch of cosmetology that deals with skin care, hair removal, spa treatments, makeup application, microdermabrasion, blemish & blackhead removal and occasionally other services as well. Often estheticians obtain their training in cosmetology schools, although there are specialty programs for the discipline. Estheticians can also choose to specialize even further, and they can work either for themselves or in a salon or spa environment. As further developments are made in the field of skin care, estheticians find themselves learning new treatments and skills constantly.
Aesthetician vs Esthetician – Often students are confused about the differences between aestheticians and estheticians. Most people are more familiar with the word “aesthetics,” which is the appreciation of beauty in all of its rich and varied forms. Both spellings for the career are correct, although it is used most often without the leading “a.” Some estheticians prefer to use simpler titles when talking with clients, calling themselves skin specialists or simply beauticians.
Types of Estheticians – The nature of this type of cosmetology skill set allows those who are interested in the field to choose a variety of different titles depending on their individual preferences. Some estheticians choose to keep their services more generalized, which leaves them open to performing a wider range of appearance services for their clients. Others like the idea of developing expertise in one or more areas so that they can provide more in-depth and personalized treatments for their clients. The different types of estheticians include:
- Skin care specialists
- Medical estheticians
- Hair removal experts
- Makeup artists
Skin care specialists, for example, may perform facials for their customers, as well as instructing them in proper skin care products and techniques. Makeup artists spend time not only applying but also properly removing makeup for their customers, as well as instructing those clients in how to properly perform both functions at home. This can be everyday makeup, makeup for special events, or even theatrical makeup.
Students who want to know how to become an esthetician complete a prescribed course of schooling based on the standards set forth by their state’s or province’s board of cosmetology. Individual programs vary, but the majority begin with a study of skin, both on the face and the entire body. From there, the curriculum branches out into hair removal, skin products, and other necessary information. Esthetician programs can range in length from a few months to one to two years. The specific total hour requirement is laid out by the state or provincial board of cosmetology, and students would do well to compare that information to the school’s curriculum before enrolling. If you are looking for a quicker way to get into the beauty field the course of study for a nail tech is shortest, followed by makeup artist.
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Esthetician courses are designed to give students an introduction to the core elements of the program as well as deeper instruction.
As the students proceed through the classes, they learn even more and begin to apply that knowledge on actual clients in most cases.
Some schools offer practical instruction from the very beginning, while others focus first on classroom learning and move to the hands-on experience as training progresses.
Aesthetics training is similar to that for cosmetology, but there is more emphasis on skin care and products, while cosmetology tends to focus on both skin and hair.
|Core Esthetics Focus||Topics Covered|
|Recognizing skin issues|
|Acne treatments and prevention|
|Permanent makeup options|
|Head and neck massages|
Each school has its own core curriculum, and students should ask to see the course of study before enrolling in classes. This helps to ensure that the school is teaching what the student wishes to learn, and that the courses fit with the state or provincial board of cosmetology’s requirements for the licensing exam. The length of time for each school’s course load also varies, so students should check the schools timetable to see if it meets with their needs before enrolling.
Some schools have age and prior education requirements. Most that require students to be a particular age prefer that students are at least 16 or older. Many schools also require that students have a high school diploma or the equivalent. Community colleges and technical schools may offer an Associate’s degree at the end of the program, while private schools are more likely to offer a certificate upon completion. Students who are interested in obtaining a degree that they may be able to build on later should inquire as to the type of certification or degree offered before they enrol in the program.
High School Esthetician Programs – If students are lucky enough to know at an early age that they want to pursue a career as an esthetician, high school programs may be a good solution. These are often provided as part of a vocational or tech school option, and the coursework is accredited. Due to the fact that these programs are only open to high school students, they are not open to the general public. Once the students complete the program they can take the licensing exam. Once they’ve received their license they can begin work. Some students may want to follow this program as a prelude to more advanced training, particularly if they are interested in a position later as a nurse esthetician.
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Continuing Education for Estheticians
Once licensed, estheticians must display their license in their place of employment. The license has an expiration date, at which time it must be renewed. Most state or provincial boards of cosmetology require as a part of the license renewal process that estheticians provide proof that they have kept up with their profession via additional coursework and esthetician classes. Often the hours required for these courses are minimal and sometimes they can be done at home. The classes allow the licensee to stay up to date with current trends in the field. Many of the top schools offer not only initial courses to those just starting out, but they also offer continuing education for estheticians as well.
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“Is there an esthetician school near me?”
By now you may be asking yourself “Is there a skin care school near me?” The answer is probably “Yes.” Some states even allow apprenticeship as training to minimize your need for in-school instruction.
Use your ZIP to find a school – click here.
However, some states including Ohio and New York have no agreement in place so you must take the full training in order to work there except in NY which has “endorsement agreements” with some states. Connecticut, on the other hand, has no requirements for skin care experts so you can go into business even if you have no training. Check the table below for examples of hours and so on needed to get licensed. Your decision on where to go to college, and if you should go to one nearby, could depend a lot on what the requirements are.
|STATE||PREREQUISITES||TRAINING HOURS, etc.||RECIPROCITY||RENEWAL REQUIRED?|
|California||• Sixteen yrs old or more|
• Tenth grade or better
|• 1600 hrs or 3200 hr apprenticeship||• Show your current license|
• Show work activity for at least three of the past five years
• No disciplinary actions against you
• $40 fee
|• Every other year|
• $50 fee
|New York||• Seventeen yrs old or more|
• Physician's certificate (communicable disease-free)
|• 600 hrs||• No reciprocity but there are endorsement agreements with several states: AK, AZ, CO, D.C., ME, MA, NM, NH, NC, OR, PA, SC, TN, UT, WV, & WY||• Every four years|
• $40 fee
|Connecticut||not applicable||none required||not applicable||not applicable|
|Ohio||• At least sixteen yrs old|
• Completed 10th grade
|• 750 hours (+ microdermabrasion)||• No agreement in place. Pass state’s written, practical and manager’s exam||• Renew on January 31st of odd-numbered years only (e.g. 2017, 2019)|
• $45 fee
Esthetician’s Tools and Equipment – Supplies for Your Kit
Once you get accepted into school — or even before if you are passionate about skin care — you’ll need to gather the necessary supplies to practice the various techniques you’ll be learning. The things you need make up a significant part of training costs. Some academies will supply you with everything you need as part of your tuition. Others will have ready-made kits that you can purchase separately from tuition. In some cases it will be fine to buy your own esthetics tools and supplies. For the beginning student esthetician you can break these supplies down into three categories.
- Facial Skin Care Tools – these implements include such things as cleansers and toners for different types of skin, masks, moisturizer, scrubs, a scrub brush for exfoliation.
- A Makeup Kit – One the skin is thoroughly cleansed in most cases makeup will need to be applied. A kit includes such things as foundation for different skin types, concealer, eyeshadow, mascara, lip gloss, lipstick, eyeliner, lip liner, blush, brushes for eye shadow & blush, a palette for makeup, and a mirror.
- A Waxing Kit – The main things in this kit will include a wax warmer, wax strips, and an apron and gloves.
Most estheticians also like to have a lighted magnifying floor lamp to get a really good look at the skin imperfections they are working on.
All in all the basic esthetician implements aren’t that expensive. If you want to get into such things as spa facial equipment then you will be spending a lot for professional-quality machines.
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Financial Aid for Esthetician Students
Many students to do not consider the option of financial aid when they consider esthetics school cost. These are not options that will fall into a student’s lap. Instead, students must actively seek out and apply for this type of assistance for their tuition and expense needs.
An often overlooked resource for financial aid is the school itself.
The schools want to bring as many students through their program as possible, so they are motivated to help prospective students find the financial resources that they need.
|Type of Financial Aid||Where to Look|
|Federal/National financial aid|
|State/Provincial financial aid|
|Private Financial Aid||Professional organizations|
|Federal/National financial aid loans|
|State/Provincial financial aid loans|
Licensing costs vary from one location to another. In general, an esthetician should expect to pay less than $100 overall for her license. One consideration to keep in mind, however, is that the licensing test does have a fee as well. These fees should be listed clearly on the website for the state or provincial board of cosmetology, along with license renewal requirements.
Some applications for financial aid, particularly through federal and state/provincial programs, are based primarily on financial need. For these types of applications, students will have to submit financial information, such as tax paperwork, bank statements, and possibly pay stub information with which the determining organization can make a decision.
Other types of financial aid, particularly scholarships and grants, require the student to prove their love for the field in some manner. Sometimes this is through the application itself, sometimes prospective students are required to show specific activity that demonstrates their desire to work in the esthetician field. Regardless, students should be sure to complete all applications as thoroughly as possible, since incomplete applications can be thrown out altogether by some agencies.
Some states and provinces require testing each time a license is renewed, but most do not. If a license is allowed to lapse, estheticians may be required to pay a reinstatement fee and to retake the licensing exam. Even if an aesthetician is not actively using her license, it pays to renew it before it lapses to avoid having to pay the additional fees to reinstate the license.
Once certified, estheticians and nurse estheticians can either work for themselves, for a clinic or spa, or for a doctor’s office. Some licensed estheticians may start out working in a more generalized manner, later deciding that they prefer to specialize in specific products or techniques. This typically does not require additional certification, unless she intends to become a nurse esthetician and has not previously worked toward that training.
Esthetician Jobs & Career
The outlook for estheticians is quite positive. More and more consumers are looking for someone to help them with personal service needs, and they prefer hiring an expert. As such, more and more spas are opening, and they need estheticians to fill out their staff.
Also, dermatologists and other doctors who deal with skin and aging find that estheticians are a valuable part of their team. Estheticians are trained to handle the nuts and bolts of the treatments, as it were, and the physicians can grow their patient base because they have staff that can handle the influx of patients.
Estheticians who work for themselves — either independently or by opening their own spa — have much more room for growth. Keeping their clients happy and hiring estheticians who mesh well with their own methods are two ways to help ensure that those endeavours are successful.
Students who already know that they want to one day open their own spa may want to consider taking business classes along with their esthetician certification. Finding a mentor is another way to ensure that estheticians can reach these larger goals.
Pay rates for estheticians and for nurse estheticians can vary quite a bit, depending on a wide range of variables.
An esthetician in a smaller spa will no doubt earn slightly less than one in a large spa in a metropolitan area. Also, newer estheticians may earn slightly less at the start of their careers than those who have been working in the field for several years. As estheticians gain experience and clientele who return for session after session, they are able to grow their pay rates.
Some spas and clinics provide a commission-based pay scale, which depends greatly on the esthetician’s client base and the upsells that the clients purchase. Others work at an hourly rate.
According to the U. S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, on average estheticians can expect to earn $13.92 per hour. At the higher end of the scale, they can expect to earn $27.37 per hour. Nurse estheticians working in a physician’s office can expect starting pay rates averaging around $19.71 per hour and going up from there. Nurse estheticians can also work in hospitals and private healthcare facilities, which can grow their hourly pay rate even more.
In Canada the average income is $18,870 annually but that doesn’t take into account that many are working less than forty hours per week.
|avg. hourly wage||avg. annual salary|
Becoming an esthetician offers students a way to help their clients in both large and small ways. While some clients may only need the occasional facial or waxing treatment, others may need help that they have been unable to get from any other specialist.
Estheticians can provide more specialized treatment plans for their customers than a beautician usually can, and they are trained to recognize specific skin problems. With the growth expected for the skin care industry over the next ten to fifteen years, those who are certified to be estheticians can expect their own client base to continue to grow as well. <strong>Get help starting your career by finding a good school using the assistant below:</strong>
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Latest Esthetician News for Oct/Nov 2017
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