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The term makeup artistry covers a wide area for prospective students.
At its core is the care of the skin to which the makeup is applied. But there are many different kinds of makeup that can be applied for multiple reasons and different types of makeup artist schools to teach those skills.
On this Page:
Listings/directory of Schools by State and Province
Definitions – How to Become a Makeup Artist (MUA)
Online Classes, SFX Schools, Permanent Makeup Training
How Much Does It Cost To Become A Licensed Professional?
Makeup Specialist Certification
Salary, Job Career and Prospects
Schools in California
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There is no fixed curriculum for each and every participant and program. There will, however, be similarities within states (due to State Board regulations) and within particular areas of instruction — such as SFX.
Makeup Colleges & Schools State Listings
A Makeup Artist Defined
Makeup artists, or MUA, have as their canvas the human body. They may apply makeup for clients in order to cover imperfections or enhance their natural beauty, or they may apply special effects products for movies, television, or stage. In most locales professionals must be licensed to work in their chosen field, in much the same way as hairdressers and cosmetologists. Some specific types of MUA include:
- Cosmetics counter
- Special effects (SFX) or film
- High definition
A student can choose to specialize in one field, or he or she can choose to learn about a variety of specialties. The latter option offers quite a bit of flexibility, while the former option allows the development highly specific skills. Some specialties, such as permanent makeup, require specific training that may not be available everywhere.
Becoming a Makeup Specialist – Many people wonder how to develop into an earning pro. The answer is quite simple. First, a prospective pupil must locate a school that can offer the classroom instruction that he or she needs in order to begin the certification process. Trainees may even opt to find training online. In rare cases some have gained their training via an apprenticeship.
The specific number of hours required depends on the location in which the student hopes to become licensed, since this is governed by each state or province board of cosmetology. Once licensed, students can begin working in their preferred field.
Terminology – classes introduce pupils to a wide variety of terms with which many trainees may not have personal experience. Some of the terminology refers to cosmetic and skin care products that students will apply to clients. Others refer to technical information regarding skin care. Although not exhaustive, the following table defines some common terms one should expect to encounter in the business.
|Acne||A condition in which the skin’s pores become clogged with dirt, bacteria, and oil and become inflamed.|
|AHA||Alpha-hydroxy acid, which is a chemical formulation used in anti-aging creams and chemical peels.|
|Antioxidants||Naturally occurring compounds that inhibit oxidation, which can contribute to aging.|
|Botanical||Term used to describe a product made from plant extracts.|
|Dermabrasion||Process during which the upper layers of skin are surgically removed, generally by scraping, to smooth the skin.|
|Dermal||Of or pertaining to any layer of the skin.|
|Epidermis||The outermost layers of the skin.|
|Fitzpatrick Scale||A classification system for the hue and shade of the skin.|
|Free radicals||Atoms or molecules that are unpaired; widely believed to be the primary cause of premature aging.|
|Glycolic acid||A specific type of alpha-hydroxy acid found in skin peels.|
|Hyaluronic acid||A naturally occurring compound in the body; lubricates joints and tissue, including skin.|
|Matte||Non-shiny surfaces; typically used to describe makeup that is flat and does not reflect light.|
|Microdermabrasion||Dermabrasion for the upper layers of the skin only; a finer method of exfoliation.|
|Non-comedogenic||A product that will not clog pores, thereby reducing the risk of an acne breakout.|
|Toner||An astringent product designed to close the pores of the skin and clean the skin.|
Pupils should keep in mind that specific disciplines within the field will have their own terms as well. Those attending special effects schools, for example, will have to learn about prosthetics and other appliances that their models may have to wear. The basics, however, remain the same.
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Accredited Makeup Artist Schools – The Different Types
Many cosmetology schools offer training in makeup application. In some areas, the requirements may be just enough to meet those needed for state licensing. Students choosing this type of school should be aware, however, that they will be learning about cosmetology in general, which means that there will be courses on hair care and cutting as well as skin care and nail care.
Those who already know that they do not need or want these other skills would do well to choose a different place to learn.
MUA schools are more specialized than cosmetology schools. The course of study involves the same general classes that students might expect to take in cosmetology schools, but the techniques should be more advanced. If the state board of cosmetology offers licensing, the school’s curriculum should coincide with those requirements. The place you train at may offer certification which confirms that you have completed the prescribed course of study.
In some locations, vocational or technical colleges may offer courses of study. These programs typically offer an actual degree upon completion of the program. An associate’s degree and possibly a bachelor’s degree may be available for completing these programs. The course of study should be the same. However, in addition to achieving the hours required for state licensing, students are able to point to a college degree which may give added credibility when job-hunting.
Students who wish to become SFX specialists may want to attend a specific school for this type of training. Often the basic beauty training is required before enrolling. As well, some MUA schools offer rudimentary training in special effects techniques.
Students are not required to have any special license in order to enroll in special effects schools. Although there are special effects schools throughout the country, those who wish to make SFX their career would do well to look for a school located in Hollywood or New York City. These areas are hotbeds of activity for television, film, and theatre, so they offer plenty of opportunity for internships and careers in the field.
Permanent Makeup Training
Permanent makeup is a little different from traditional cosmetics. It is applied by the artist with a tattoo tool. Using a tattoo tool requires a steady hand in the artist as it is, well… permanent.
Those who wish to learn the art take courses of study that enables them to apply this type of treatment safely and effectively. Common areas in which clients wish to have permanent makeup include:
- Lip color and lining
- Camouflaging scars and beauty marks
- Lash enhancement
Online Makeup Classes
Online schools are perfect for those who cannot attend a traditional study environment for one reason or another. The vast majority of these classes are self-paced, which means that they can be completed whenever time permits.
Some of the lessons may be done through webinar or video, while textbooks may supplement these lessons. Trainees may be required to apply cosmetic makeup to themselves or to other people and submit pictures in order to prove their practical knowledge of specific techniques.
Length of Schooling – Some courses for makeup certification are very short, lasting only a few months. Others are quite lengthy and may last up to four years or more. Often the difference is because of the type of learning institution. Other courses could be longer or shorter based on the type of classes the student has chosen to take.
Special effects programs can be quite lengthy, for example, and many of them are broken up by the pupil applying for and fulfilling internships in between terms.
When examining the curriculum pupils would do well to pay particular attention to the length of study and the anticipated completion date. This can help students to plan the rest of their obligations effectively.
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What Are The Costs of Studying To Be A Makeup Artist
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Costs for attending schools and colleges vary widely, depending on the type of schooling that’s chosen and the location of the college. Some courses of study for special effects makeup can cost as much as $40,000 for the entire program, while a series of online courses could cost only $500. Here’s a few examples of costs for training:
|Examples of School Costs to Study Makeup|
|School Name||Tuition Cost||Books, Kit, and Supplies||Registration and other fees||Total|
|Hair Design Center - Nova Scotia, Canada|
|$3,950||included in tuition||included in tuition||$3,950|
|Makeup Designory - New York City|
|Makeup Training Academy - Addison, Texas|
|$1,850||included in tuition||included in tuition||$1,850|
|L Makeup Institute - Las Vegas, NV|
|Cash in full||Unless the tuition is rather low, most students are unable to pay cash in full. Some schools do offer payment plans, so this is something to consider.|
|Scholarships||Schools, professional organizations, and other groups may offer scholarships to specific schools or programs. Students usually must apply for scholarships in order to be considered. Scholarships do not have to be repaid.|
|Grants||Grants also do not need to be repaid, and they can also be found from schools, professional organizations, and other groups. Unlike scholarships, grants may require ongoing proof of certain criteria in order to continue.|
|Federal Loans||The federal government offers financial aid packages for vocational and technical programs as well as for traditional colleges and universities. Students must submit financial information along with their application. Loans must be repaid.|
|State Loans||States may also offer loans applicable to MUA schools. Students must submit an application and financial paperwork. These loans must also be repaid.|
Other options, such as private loans from a financial institution or a relative may also be an option.
Pupils may also be able to obtain a mixture of financial aid types, which can cover almost all of the expenses.
Potential trainees should consider the type of financial aid they are applying for and determine whether they will be able to pay back loans within the time required.
Other Costs – Students should keep in mind when they are considering how to finance their education that there are additional costs and fees. Some of the costs, such as textbooks, vary from one institute to another. Some online trainers may not even require textbooks, since much of the coursework may be obtained through the student portal.
Other costs, such as a makeup kit, eye shadow palette, and special effects tools, are variable and depend on the program in which the student is enrolled.
Some institutes make available a set kit of cosmetics, etc. that contains everything that’s needed to complete coursework. Others may provide a list of the items necessary and the applicants are responsible for compiling the kits themselves.
Makeup Artist Certification
There is more to becoming an expert than simply attending a few classes or watching a few videos. A certified makeup specialist can work in a variety of different arenas, ranging from homes of their clients to movie and television sets. Once a student completes a course of study at an accredited academy devoted to educating artists, she or he needs to obtain respected credentials.
Licensing – Each state board of cosmetology (eg.) has requirements as to what is necessary in order to be certified as a MUA. This includes a set number of hours devoted to both classroom and practical instruction, as well as a licensing exam.
Once students pass the licensing exam they must pay a fee specified by the state board of cosmetology in order to obtain their licenses. Licenses in all states do have expiration dates, so certified professionals need to remain aware of their renewal dates in order to keep their license active.
Licensing Exam – The licensing exam is a written test, usually composed of multiple choice questions, that test the prospective licensee’s knowledge of her field of choice.
Ideally, the training program the student chose to attend prepared her for the test. Those who are concerned about the licensing exam can find a variety of options that can help.
In some cases practice tests are available that help trainees learn what to expect on the exam. For those who want further practice, or who cannot find a sample test through their academy, can do an Internet search to find an array of sample tests.
Continuing Education – Licensees typically must renew their license either yearly, or at a time specified by the state board. Part of this renewal process almost always requires proof that the specialist has continued her education by taking classes.
This continuance of education makes sure that the makeup artist is always caught up on the latest techniques, products, and skills needed within the field. If licensees have not maintained their continuing education requirements it is possible that the license will not be renewed by the licensing body.
Often the requirements for continuing education consist of only a few hours of coursework, so it can be very easy to maintain this requirement.
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Makeup Specialist Salary, Job Career and Prospects
While many MUAs dream of seeing their work immortalized on the big or even the small screen, the vast majority of those looking for a career work in salons or spas, or for private clients. All of these choices are viable, and some may choose to work in a combination of environments like a freelancer. While they are sought after in just about every location, there are areas in which they are in even greater demand.
Pay – Pay rates vary depending on both location and the type of makeup the artist applies. The areas in which there are the highest concentrations include Hollywood, California and New York City. These areas also tend to have the highest pay rates. The following chart lists some of the average hourly wages collected by the U. S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, depending upon specific variables. The hourly wage for the lowest 10% of workers is US$9.34 while the highest 10% can earn $58.71/hour. The average of all occupations in this field is $32/hr or $66,560/yr — not bad! The large pay gap depends of several factors including training, experience, choice of makeup career, and even luck!
|Type of MUA||Average Hourly Wage||Avg. Yearly Wage|
|Personal care, salon or spa||$13.83||$28,770|
|Performing arts, theatrical||$29.92||$62,230|
|Film and video||$40.18||$83,580|
Schools for Makeup in California
Since Hollywood, CA is the center of the film industry, this area is a huge magnet for beauty experts of all types. As such, there are quite a few training institutes that specialize in makeup education, both traditional and in special effects. While some do offer online instruction, many require that the pupil attend classes in person. Those wishing to attend one of these programs should ensure that they are aware of the program requirements for training in California before enrolling.
Marinello – NOW CLOSED – The Marinello Schools of Beauty have over 30 locations in California alone. Marinello is accredited, and offers training in makeup, skin care, hair, nails, and massage therapy.
Lancaster – Lancaster Beauty offers education in cosmetology, nail care, and general esthetician training. Lancaster has an on-site salon, in which students receive practical instruction to apply what they have learned in their classes.
EI School of Professional Makeup – EI in Hollywood offers special effects training, fashion makeup training, and high definition makeup training. Students wishing to break into film, television, and theatre may find the programs offered by EI to be helpful.
Cinema MUA School – Cinema MUA School is also located in Los Angeles and, as the name implies, students learn about film and television makeup, prosthetic devices, and other techniques related to these industries.
Joe Blasco MUA – Joe Blasco, a well-known film makeup professional, has founded his own training institute. Blasco wrote the course materials and textbooks himself, and students can expect to learn how to apply makeup in the fast-paced film industry from people who have been part of that industry for decades. Those who train at Blasco can earn a variety of certificates.
Permanent Makeup by Carmen De Lara – Students interested in learning about permanent makeup application in the Hollywood area can attend Carmen De Lara’s training school. It is located in City of Industry, CA, a suburb of Los Angeles. The program’s coursework covers learning about skin, the equipment, and how to apply permanent makeup safely and effectively.
Potential for Growth
The MUA’s job description can vary slightly based on where they choose to work. Makeup graduates can have either a flexible career — like a freelancer — or a more defined one depending on whether they chose to specialize or not. Those working in a spa setting often work for commission or a set hourly rate. Those who opt to work as freelancers can literally set their own rates. Prospective students eager to get started in the beauty industry may want to remain open to all of the different possibilities that may come their way.